In Dragon Ball Z, the possibility of a power greater than that of a Super Saiyan is first theorized in the episode " Laboratory Basement", when Krillin and Future Trunks contemplate how Vegeta plans on retaining his dominance in power among the Z Fighters. The first of these new heights in power is the Ascended Super Saiyan stage obtained by Vegeta, Future Trunks and later, Goku. This technique (as well as the Ultra Super Saiyan technique that follows) is essentially a method of enhancing the abilities of a Super Saiyan, rather than a complete departure from it in favor of newer and more unique power. It is not until the Cell Games that this uncharted level of power makes its debut, in the form of Super Saiyan 2. Saiyan characters continue pushing their limits during the series, ultimately discovering a third, and in anime incarnations, fourth level of Super Saiyan. Two exclusive Super Saiyan stages are also featured in the Dragon Ball films. There are nine variations of the Super Saiyan in all. The following is a summarized list of the premature and advanced levels of the Super Saiyan transformation.
- False Super Saiyan, a pseudo-Super Saiyan form resembling a glorified Kaio-ken, with a yellowish surge of aura. Appeared in Lord Slug.
- Ascended Super Saiyan, an advancement in the power of the original Super Saiyan state.
- Ultra Super Saiyan, an even stronger advancement in the power of the original Super Saiyan state.
- Full-Power Super Saiyan, the state of mental and physical perfection of the Super Saiyan transformation itself, rather than an advanced stage.
- Super Saiyan 2, the second Super Saiyan transformation.
- Legendary Super Saiyan, a level of Super Saiyan which magnifies its user's strength capacity, without drawbacks. Only one Saiyan capable of assuming the transformation is said to be born every thousand years. Appeared in Broly: The Legendary Super Saiyan.
- Super Saiyan 3, the third (and final in the manga) Super Saiyan transformation.
- Super Saiyan 4, the last, quintessential Super Saiyan transformation. Appeared in Dragon Ball GT.
False Super Sayian
In this form, Goku's irises and pupils are no longer visible, mostly in turn to the power and bleak rage. His body bulks up a little, his hair straightens like that of a Super Saiyan, his skin color also appears to have a yellow hue to it, but there is no considerable change in feature other than a red tint to his hair. He gains a yellowish surge of aura, somewhat but not quite resembling that of a normal Super Saiyan's. In turn, the form somewhat resembles a glorified Kaio-ken form, but there are notable differences.
When he transformed into the true Super Saiyan transformation during the fight against Frieza, Goku witnessed the murder of Krillin (as well as the fact that Krillin isn't likely to be revived with the Dragon Balls, as Shenron had already granted that wish and could not resurrect the same person twice), something that drove him over the edge. This ultimate pain was not fully present during the fight against Slug, which is most likely why Goku did not transform fully. The form of False Super Saiyan was shown to be very erratic, lasting for only as long as the aura is ignited, and using up much more energy to sustain than the full Super Saiyan.
Super Saiyan (SSJ)
This is the first stage of the legendary Super Saiyan. Not every one is able to reach this level. The original Super Saiyans are unknown and after millenia, it became a legend. Every Saiyan warrior trained to one day become a Super Saiyan, although none knew how to achieve it.
was the first to become a Super Saiyan in the
saga. When Freiza killed
, then Goku got out of control and reached this level. Goku was the first to reach this level in over a thousand years. Technically, the next Super Saiyan was
, but he attended the level in the future of an alternate timeline. The next Saiyan to reach this level was
, who had believed the transformation was his royal birthright.
The next Super Saiyan was
, who was the youngest at the time to achieve the transformation at the age of 11.
and Trunks were also to tranform at an even younger age.
Ascended Super Saiyan
There are 2 types of Ascended Super Saiyan. The first was originally discovered by Vegeta and Trunks while in the Hyperbolic Time Chamber, where power was increased exponentially, but it took from their speed. Goku managed to perfect this transformation, but with more speed and less power than the original. Both Vegeta and Goku knew that this transformation was simply a slight power-up and not the next plateau.
Super Saiyan 2 (SSJ2)
This stage is more powerful then Super Saiyan. Super Saiyan 2 is stronger in speed and strength then all previous tranformations. Gohan was the first to achieve this level, shortly after first achieving Super Saiyan. When he was fighting against
he got out of control but soon realized how to use the power properly. Lightning forms around your body. You don’t lose speed. Everything increases. Goku and Vegeta also attained this level.
Super Saiyan 3 (SSJ3)
Super Saiyan 3 is very powerful stage but cannot be maintained for a long time. Your eyebrows disappear. Your hair falls down past your knees and muscles are buffed. First time achieved by Goku. No one else achieved it besides Trunks and Goten when they fused together as
. Just staying in this form drains your energy until eventually the power leaves the Saiyan and makes them exhausted. This level was described by Goku as only being suitable for Other World.
Super Saiyan God (SSJG)
A Super Saiyan transformation that surpass Super Saiyan 3. First achieved by Goku to battle Bills in the move Dragon Ball Z: Battle of Gods.
Not much of a difference from a Saiyan based form except for the following changes:
- The hair being pushed slightly up with a purple-red highlight
- Eyes are more sharper with slightly large retinas and reddish-purple in color.
- Body built becomes thinner.
- His aura becomes more flame like and explosive in appearance.
Powers and Limitations
Achieved by combining the powers of six pure-hearted Saiyans, this form allows Goku to fight the God of Destruction Bills where his Super Saiyan 3 form failed miserably. Aside from the massive overall stat boost, Super Saiyan God form allowed Goku to sense Godly Ki and absorb attacks by consuming Ki.
One drawback to this form is its massive Ki consumption, only allowing the user to use it in proportion to his Ki reserve similar to Super Saiyan 3.
Super Saiyan 4 (SSJ4)
This is the final form of the Super Saiyan. You can only see this form in Dragonball GT. Super Saiyan 4 can only be achieved by Goku and Vegeta. The only way to become a Super Saiyan 4 is to become a golden Oozaru. Goku become a Super Saiyan 4 by his power and the training he does. But Vegeta used something called the brute waves that Bulma made. That helped him become a Super Saiyan 4. You hair color goes back to normal. A red fur coat grows across your chest. But Gogeta had brown fur and red hair. All of your stats increase and you can maintain that form for a long time.
Restricted Super Saiyan (RSSJ)
A Super Saiyan transformation unique to Broly. The term restricted came from the limiting device placed on Broly's head by his father Paragus, not allowing Broly to transform into a Super Saiyan.
Since this Super Saiyan form is being restricted by an external factor some noticeable difference are present, this are:
- Restricted Super Saiyan Form's hair is bluish, on the transition of being yellow but blocked.
- Eyes are bluish green.
- Body built are the same as a Super Saiyan
- His aura is almost the same as a Super Saiyan.
Powers and Limitations
Similar to a False Super Saiyan, a Restricted Super Saiyan has the power level in between a Saiyan's Base Form and a Super Saiyan. But Broly being the Legendary Super Saiyan (Most people call this a mutation.) have overpowered Vegeta in Super Saiyan Form.
No known drawback, as Broly can overpower a fully transformed Super Saiyan with only this form.
Legendary Super Saiyan
Legendary Super Saiyan is a Saiyan born once every thousand years and is usually either hailed a savior or a destroyer. The only person shown as a legendary Super Saiyan was Broly, although flashbacks to the original Saiyan home planet hint at an even more powerful Legendary Super Saiyan having lost control and destroying the world, along with himself in the process. A Legendary Super Saiyan is unique from other Saiyan transformations in that the Super Saiyan in question grows to enormous sizes and has hair that glows an electric lime green. The eyes also become white with "blind rage" (although whether this means that the legend in question is blind or appears to be blind can be debated). Also, the strength level grows every second the user is in Legendary Super Saiyan mode, being forced to pulse out waves of energy to keep themselves from erupting.
So far, in the case of Broly, the last of the Legendary Super Saiyans thus discovered, the tails have been docked to prevent him from transforming into a golden great ape. It is unknown if others of his kind had the same procedure done, or if the power levels are diminished slightly as a result of the tail being amputated.