The Statue of Liberty Enlightening the World was a gift of friendship from the people of France to the people of the United States and is a universal symbol of freedom and democracy. The Statue of Liberty was dedicated on October 28, 1886, designated as a National Monument in 1924 and restored for her centennial on July 4, 1986.
About the Statue of Liberty
What materials make up the Statue of Liberty?
The Statue of Liberty is made of copper 3/32in. (about 2.5mm) thick, the same as two American pennies placed together. The internal structure is comprised of cast iron and stainless steel.
Why is the Statue green?
The Statue's copper has naturally oxidized to form the outer patina, or green, coating. Upon completion in 1886, the Statue of Liberty was more of a traditional brown color, like an American penny. It took about thirty years for the Statue of Liberty to fully oxidize and form the patina.
How tall is the Statue of Liberty?
The Statue is 305ft 1in (about 93m) from the ground to the tip of the flame. It is the equivalent height of a 22-story building and was the tallest structure in New York in 1886.
Why is the Statue of Liberty a woman?
Classical images of Liberty are often depicted in a female form. The Statue of Liberty was modeled after the Roman Goddess of Liberty.
Which direction does the Statue face?
The Statue of Liberty was placed inside the existing Fort Wood and faces southeast. The Statue's position makes it a welcoming symbol for arriving ships.
Does the Statue of Liberty ever get struck by lightning?
Yes! As one of the tallest structures in the New York Harbor, the Statue of Liberty does get struck by lightning. The Statue is grounded through the massive concrete and granite pedestal.
How many Torches have there been on the Statue?
The Statue's current torch, added in 1986, is a copper flame covered in 24K gold. It is reflective of the sun's rays in daytime and lighted by floodlights at night. The original torch was removed in 1984 and is now a display piece inside the Pedestal lobby.
Symbols on the Statue of Liberty
What does the torch represent?
The torch is a symbol of enlightenment. The Statue's official name represents its most important symbol, "Liberty Enlightening the World."
What is written on the Statue's tablet?
The tablet in the Statue's left hand has the date of American Independence: July 4, 1776. The date is written in Roman numerals and reads July IV MDCCLXXVI.
What does the Statue wear on her head?
The Statue of Liberty wears a crown, or diadem.
What are the spikes on the crown?
Many believe the seven spikes are rays of light representing the seven seas and seven continents of the world.
Where on the Statue are the broken chains located and what do the chains mean?
The broken chains are near the Statue's feet and are not visible from the ground level. Many believe the chains represent breaking free from tyranny and servitude.