I finally have an answer!!!Well judging from the portrayal of vampires in both marvel and other literature, it appears that Blade HAS ALL the vampire powers, however they wont manifest until he grows older. Its pretty well known that the older a vampire the stronger it is and if Blade does have their powers, then his powers should technically work the same way. It has been shown that pure blood vampire (which were born vampires) tend to manifest and learn to control their powers slowly as they age and when the powers do develop they are very powerful (more powerful than any bitten vampire can ever hope to be). So from the fact that Blade was born a Dhampir (instead of being bitten) his powers should be similar.
Also it has been shown that Dracula is not the most ancient vampire in the marvel universe. He is the father of modern vampires, however there are much more ancient and powerful vampires than him. So this also supports the theory that with age a vampire develops more powers.