Unfortunately, no. Jackson has told MTV:
Not this time, not yet. We still haven’t moved Nick Fury into the bad-ass zone. He’s still just kind of a talker.
He did mention that he filmed scenes mostly with Robert Downey Jr. He also filmed some with Scarlett Johansson as well. Here's a video you can hear the words straight from his mouth.
Will we have to wait for The Avengers to see him kick some butt?