Tyrone Johnson grew up poor in the slums of South Boston. He was a stutterer, and at age 17 this affliction became more than an embarrassment when he couldn't speak up to save his best friend's life from a policeman's bullet.
Overwhelmed with grief and guilt, Tyrone ran away from home. He ended up in New York City, haunting the Manhattan Port Authority Bus Terminal, desperate for food and searching for someone to rob. Instead, he found Tandy Bowen, another runaway, and ironically, prevented her from being robbed. Their strong friendship started here, with each trying to help the other.
The pair were homeless, and despite Tyrone's reservations, they were lured to the laboratory of Simon Marshall. He was a chemist working for the Maggia, attempting to develop an addictive drug the crime family could sell. Marshall used teenage runaways to test his new drug – with lethal consequences. There were no survivors of his experiments until Tyrone and Tandy. They were transformed into super-powered beings and escaped. Tyrone had become a being of darkness and shadow, with a hunger for the light of life forces that Tandy's glowing powers could ease. He hid his strange appearance with a cloak, and adopted the name of the garment. Eventually, the pair would use their new abilities to destroy their captors and save other children from crime, drugs, and abuse.
At one time, it was believed the designer drug had made their latent mutant genes manifest. Later it was revealed that D'Spayre's machinations were responsible for Tyrone and Tandy gaining their powers.
Cloak first appeared alongside Dagger in Spectacular Spider-man #64 in March 1982 and was created by Bill Mantlo and Ed Hannigan.
Cloak and Dagger, after another drug-elimination sortie, were approached by Norman Osborn, who offered them a deal to have their criminal record cleared if they would join his special mutant peacekeeping force.
The two accepted, and became part of Osborn's personal team of X-Men. The normally reclusive Cloak thus became part of a greater team assigned to keep the peace in San Francisco after a series of pro and anti-mutant riots. Donning a new costume, and now keeping his face un-hooded, Cloak realized that he and Dagger could no longer hold themselves apart from the world at large. When Dagger expressed the idea of running again, Cloak stopped her, saying that if they ran away again they would be on the run forever.
They kept true to their heroic ideals even when mixed with the more distasteful members of their team. Thus, when Emma and Namor betrayed Osborn as part of Scott Summers' ploy, both Cloak and Dagger were invited to join the true X-Men in their exodus from San Francisco.
Tandy and Ty accepted, and the two runaways became part of a different team, and among their own kind.
After tests were taken, it was relieved that neither Tandy nor Ty were mutants, and that the drug gave both superheros their powers.
Fear Itself: The Deep
Attuma has become one of the Worthy and is transformed into Nerkkod, Breaker of Oceans after he comes into possession of one of the mystic hammers. Nerkkod would bolster his army and prepare to conquer the oceans but is confronted by Namor and company. Dr. Strange would conjure up a spell and call upon the Defenders from the past and present including Cloak for reinforcements. Nerkkod is forced to retreat and his army is defeated.
Sometime ago, Wolverine had Cloak trap Romulus in Cloak's dark dimension. Now, a recently resurrected Sabertooth has kidnapped Dagger and forced Cloak to release Romulus. Cloak complied but instead of freeing Dagger, Sabertooth tied him to the top of the Empire State Building. This is where Wolverine finds him, but when he unties the weakened Cloak the pair fall to earth. Cloak is able to port them to safety
Later Cloak goes with Wolverine to the place he hid Sabertooth's corpse, and although Cloak claimed it was Sabertooth that had attacked him, Sabertooth's dead body is right where Wolverine had left it. The pair are standing there looking into the grave when Cloak hears Dagger's scream.
Wolverine and Cloak track the scream to a cabin and find Romulus holding a weakened Dagger. Wolverine attacks Romulus and Cloak grabs Dagger. Against her wishes he teleports the pair to safety leaving Wolverine behind.
Sometime later, Wolverine needs Cloak's teleporting powers to sneak himself and Remus into Romulus's Italian stronghold. Cloak will not leave Dagger's side so he brings her along too. Once inside Wolverine breaks from the group, but when he is overpowered by a stronger fiercer Romulus and a smarter Sabertooth, Cloak, Dagger and Remus, come to his aid.
Cloak is able to fight Sabertooth to a stand still but when Sabertooth pulls out "Plan B', a large bomb, Cloak teleports Dagger, and Remus to safety.
Cloak is later seen with Wolverine, Remus, and Dagger on a beach somewhere in the South Pacific. Wolverine comments on how Cloak is dealing with a SPF 45 world and Ty comments on how him and Tandy are going to head to New York City.
Cloak's powers derive from his ability to manipulate Darkforce energy and access the dimension from which it originates. He might actually be made of this negative energy. Darkforce energy is perceived by humans as dark matter, either in gas, liquid, or solid form. It is cold, draining, and prolonged exposure can cause insanity, turn one evil, and even kill. Cloak can do the following:
- Create a localized field of impenetrable darkness.
- Create mobile, solid tendrils of darkness.
- Hide in shadows.
- Become intangible, perhaps by changing the solid state of his body into a gas state, perhaps by only partially moving into the Darkforce dimension.
- Pull people into the Darkforce dimension by opening a portal within his 'cloak.'
- Teleport himself and others by opening a portal into, then out of, the Darkforce dimension, i.e. taking an inter-dimensional shortcut.
Cloak's powers can be fairly extensive. He managed to temporarily trap Thanos in his cloak. Once, when Mr. Jip magically increased his hunger, Cloak's darkness spilled out of him to cover several square blocks of Manhattan.
Cloak feels a constant hunger which must be fed by a semi-mystical light energy, which is akin to the light of a soul. Dagger is one of the only possible sources of this energy and she regularly "feeds" him with her light bolts. Other sources of light don't work; for instance Dazzler tried to feed him once, using many kinds of light, but it didn't help him.
If Cloak is exposed to too much pure light energy, he will revert back into his human form. While in human form he has no access to his powers.
Known Relatives: Mr & Mrs Johnson (parents), Anna Johnson (twin sister), Otis Johnson (brother) & Smokin' Joe (uncle)
Citizenship: Citizen of the United States; with a criminal record.
Place of Birth: South Boston, Massachusetts
Marital Status: Single
Occupation: Vigilante & Adventurer (Formerly: runaway)
Education: High School Dropout
Height: Variable, normally 5'9"
Weight: Variable, normally 155 lbs (70 kg)
Eyes: Brown. White when in Cloak persona
Hair: Black. No hair when in Cloak persona.
Unique Characteristic: While in Cloak persona, all that is seen is his face.
Age of Apocalypse
The Age of Apocalypse versions of Cloak and Dagger were members of Sinister's Six. They were mentally manipulated into working with Sinister on his team. Once under his control he would use them to attack the X-Men. Cloak would be one of the few survivors of the battle. His mental control would be psionically broken by the telepathic ninja, Psylocke.
House of M
In the House of M reality, Cloak is a member of Luke Cage's Underground resistance.
In this reality, Cloak was quickly killed during Maestro's initial attack. His cloak is saved as a remembrance by his one time partner, Dagger.
In the Ultimate Universe; Cloak has only made one, very brief, appearance. He is clearly a female in this universe.
In this reality, Cloak is called Croak and has the appearance of a frog.
Cloak was created by Bill Mantlo and Ed Hannigan.
Marvel Ultimate Alliance 2 (2009)
Voiced by Ahmed Best, he appears as a NPC boss exclusively for the PS2, PSP and Wii versions.